Welcome to the Surgery in Africa Monthly Reviews
Accredited by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) for CME Credits

Surgery in Africa Reviews:


May: Critical Care and Trauma part 5: Shock and Haemorrhage

April: Hypoxia in Surgical Patients

March: Chest Trauma: Diagnosis and Management of Serious Injuries

February: Airway Management in Trauma and Critical Care


2011 Archives

  1. December: Critical Care in Surgical Patients with Special Reference to Trauma (Part 1)
  2. November: Elbow Fractures in Children
  3. September: Surgical Safety
  4. August: Peptic Ulcer Surgery
  5. July: No Review
  6. June: Blood Transfusion in Surgery – Update 2011
  7. May: Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis in Children
  8. March: Treatment of Neglected Clubfoot
  9. February: Road Traffic Injury in Africa: Implications for Surgeons
  10. January: Hirschsprung's Disease in Africa in the 21st Century


2010 Archives

  1. December: Groin Hernia Repair-Revisited
  2. November: Evidence Based Medicine (Updated)
  3. September: Evidence Based Medicine for the Surgeon
  4. August: Disorders of the Umbilicus
  5. July:  Prevention and Treatment of Cancer of the Cervix in Africa II
  6. June: Is Splenic Preservation after Blunt Splenic Injury Possible in Africa?  June 2010 Update and September 2005 Review
  7. May: Prevention and Treatment of Cancer of the Cervix in Africa - I
  8. April: Cryptorchidism: A Comprehensive Clinical Review
  9. March: When is Primary Anastomosis Safe in the Colon? July 2005 Review and March 2010 Update
  10. February: Acute Septic Arthritis and Osteomyelitis in Children – An African Perspective


2009 Archives

  1. December: Injuries to the Diaphragm
  2. September: Intracranial Infections
  3. August: Lower Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage – a review for African surgeons
  4. July: Newborn Management of Anorectal Malformations
  5. June: Sigmoid Volvulus-An Update
  6. May: Cataract Surgery in Africa
  7. April: Otitis Media--Focusing on the Developing World
  8. March: Penetrating Injuries to the Abdomen - II
  9. February: Penetrating Injuries to the Abdomen - I


2008 Archives:

  1. December: Surgical Alternatives to Cesarean Section in Obstructed Labour: Maternal and Fetal Destructive Procedures
  2. November: Surgical Sites Infections (SSIs), Antimicrobial Agents, Universal Precautions and Post-exposure Prophylaxis
  3. October: Burn Management
  4. September: Sickle Cell Disease: The Musculoskeletal System
  5. August: Advances in the management of hemorrhagic and septic shock
  6. July: Rectal Cancer: A Review
  7. June: Achieving excellent outcomes and avoiding complications in pediatric inguinal hernia surgery
  8. May: Colon Cancer: A Review
  9. April: Hydrocephalus in Africa: A Surgical Perspective
  10. March: Complications of Late Pregnancy
  11. February: Peritonitis and Intra-abdominal Abscess - Pelvic and


2007 Archives:

  1. December: Management of Common Anorectal Disorders
  2. November: Venous Thromboembolism – what surgeons in low income countries need to know
  3. October: Obstructive Jaundice - A review article
  4. September: Acute Pancreatitis – management in low-income countries
  5. August: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
  6. July: Cholelithiasis, Cholecystitis and Cholecystectomy – their relevance for the African surgeon


2006 Archives:

  1. October: Typhoid Fever


2005 Archives:

1. December: Neonatal Surgical Emergencies
2 November: Blood Transfusion in Surgery
***** Addendum to Surgical Infections Review
3. October: Surgical Infections - Soft-Tissue Infections
4. September: Is Splenic Preservation after Blunt Splenic Injury Possible in Africa?
5. August: What is the Most Approrpriate Repair for Groin Hernias in Africa?
6. July: When is Primary Anastomosis Safe in the Colon?

Surgery in Africa is supported by an unrestricted educational grant from Johnson & Johnson


Instructions for CME Credits

Learning Objectives:

After completing the monthly packages, participants will be able to:

  1. Discuss the up to date medical literature on the surgical topic presented.
  2. Critically appraise this literature using evidence-based criteria.
  3. Recognize the extent to which this literature can be applied to the conditions of the developing world.
  4. Decide whether to implement the Review recommendations in their own practice.

Instructions for Registration and Completion of Monthly Clinical Questions and Evaluation:

  1. To be eligible for Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) Maintenance of Certification credits, you must register below.
  2. Keep your profile up to date.
  3. Join the Discussion Group at: You will need to register here as well.
  4. Each month participate in the Discussion group and complete the Clinical Questions and Evaluation form to obtain CME credits.
  5. Log-in to obtain CME credits.
  6. Complete the forms on-line and submit. You may print the questions prior to completing them on-line.
  7. You may take multiple attempts to get the correct answer for the Clinical Questions. There are no right answers for the Evaluation form.
  8. You will not be able to submit the form until all questions are answered.
  9. After completion you will receive a certificate awarding you CME credits for the designated month.
  10. You will only be able to obtain one certificate for each topic.
  11. The process begins October 2006 and is not retroactive.
  12. To receive your certificate you must complete the process during the month of the Review and before a new Review is posted.
  13. If you require assistance, please or

This event is an Accredited Group Learning Activity (Section 1) as defined by the Maintenance of Certification program of The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, approved by Canadian Association of General Surgeons (6 hours).

Login / Register for CME
Enter Yahoo Discussion Group

Office of International Surgery,
The Hospital for Sick Children,
555 University Avenue, Room S1-07, Elm Wing,
Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8 CANADA
Tel: +1-(416)-813-6430
Fax: +1-(416)-813-6414